We are already in the middle of summer and it is the perfect time to create a vegetable garden or grow fruit trees suitable for our tropical climate. Whether you are a beginner or you love gardening, LaCase.mu brings you simple and easy ideas to enjoy fresh fruits and vegetables from your own garden this summer.
Important factors to consider:
- The location
It is very important to learn about the local climate. In Mauritius, the weather and the temperature vary according to regions. Compared to the East and South coasts, which are more exposed to the wind, the West and North coasts are usually warmer and more humid. Therefore, you also need to consider sunrise, sunset, sunshine duration as well as rainfall periods.
- Find out about the natural features of your future vegetable garden
It is important to determine the kind of soil that will be host to your plants. Fruit trees can tolerate a sandy or permeable soil but it is advised to use humus and to water regularly. It is also important to take into consideration the surroundings: walls, hedgerows, fences…
- Draw the plan
Start by making a plan of your future garden. Assess the number of fruit trees and the location of your vegetable patch according to the available space .
- Take your likings into account during the thinking process of your planning.
- Estimate the time that you will need to complete and maintain your vegetable garden.
- For the harvest, plan according to the periods when you will be free.
- Choose fruits and vegetables that you would use/consume.
- Plan your budget.
- To avoid weeds invading your garden, use a geotextile fabric and add a hemp mulch or wood barks.
- Take into account the elements that would need to be buried : irrigation devices, ground lights, drainage.
- Your surroundings (environment) is also very important: the neighborhood, electrical poles
- If you plant fruit trees, foresee their adult height and size.
- Finally, think about the decor of your garden:pergola, statue, basin, etc..
Leafy vegetables : lettuce, herbs, asparagus, celery, cabbage, garden cress, spinach.
- Sowing: Work the soil once or twice a week before planting time. This will put the soil in good tilth and remove clods and chunks. Working the soil will also get rid of the tiny weed seedlings.(pas comme dans le texte en FRA)
- Planting: Can be planted into clods or bare-root. Clods often happen in clay soils and are perfect for growing since they contain a lot of nutrients.
Fruit and grain vegetables: tomato, eggplant, cucumber, zucchini, beans, squash, melon, watermelon, peas, lentils.
- Sowing: Being relatively large, these seeds are sowed easily over the surface of the soil which does not need to be worked. However, remove the big rocks.
- Planting: Since these vegetables are very greedy, it is important to enrich the soil with compost and nutrients.
Flower vegetables: Cauliflower, artichokes, broccoli
- Sowing: To obtain a bed with fine soil, the ground must be prepared very carefully. Add, if necessary, sieved compost.
- Planting: A fine soil will easily come into contact with the bare-roots and will facilitate a rapid sustainability.
Root vegetables: Beetroots, carrots, garlic, celery root, shallot, onions, leek, potatoes, radish.
- Sowing: For a good recovery, it is better to work the ground finely. Then, you can dig furrows more or less deep depending on the size of the seeds.
- Planting: The soil can be left coarse.
Advantages of a vegetable garden:
- Fresh and organic veggies at a low price
- Can be a source of revenue
- A funny and educational hobby
- Adorns your garden