Spruce up your garden or your interior decoration with all types and varieties of cacti!
Cacti: herbaceous plants of the Cactaceae family. It was Christopher Columbus who brought the first samplings in America. To pick out the right plant, you should recognise the cactus from similar succulent ones like the euphorbia – which looks much alike but differ in its flowers and fruits. There are 2,500 varieties of cacti, of different shapes and sizes: a cactus can be round, cylindrical, with racquet-shaped or pointed leaves… The different species can measure between 0.5 cm and 19 m high.
Cultivation and maintenance
Be ready to be mesmerised by this nonchalant, easy-going ornamental plant. The cactus can be planted in pots at any time of the year or in open ground in warm regions. When indoor, the plant will need warmth and sun, although it will crave for a cool room during wintertime.
Place your cactus by the window to embellish the view even in winter. During summertime, do not hold back on taking it out if the conditions are convenient… but gradually acclimate it to warmer temperatures though; a significant thermal shock and too much exposure to sunlight can have disastrous effects. Plant your cactus in a light, porous and well-drained growing medium to prevent water stagnation at the roots.
Be wary of moulds growing in humidity, as they can spread and kill your cactus. Instead, opt for a breeding ground for cacti, enriched with sand. Refrain from watering the plant, unless the soil is dry; pour water around the foot only avoiding the leaves once a week during summertime. Just before the hot season, a special fertiliser for cactus might be needed. It is essential to repot your cacti every 3 or 4 years with soil which having a high proportion of sand. From time to time, with a soft-bristled brush, remove the accumulating dust on the husky stems.
Cacti breed very well! Regardless of being pruned, sown or grafted, they can easily produce new plants. A cactus is best spread by pruning: neatly cut a piece and leave it to dry for a few weeks before putting it in the ground… and there you go!